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Bilateral cooperation agreements in Africa


  • Science and Technology (S&T) Agreement signed in 1998.
  • Programme of Cooperation (POC) signed in 2003.
  • Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) signed between Atomic Energy Commission (COMENA) Algeria and DST for cooperation in research and development in the field of nuclear sciences, techniques and applications for peaceful purposes in October 2003.
  • Areas of interest: Neutron Sciences and Nuclear Reactor; Research, Development and Production of Radio-isotope; Particle accelerator and utilization; Research Nuclear reactors: Exploitation and Utilisation; Satellite Technology; Laser Technology; Biotechnology; Information Technology; Agricultural research; Desertification and water management; Poverty alleviation; Micro-satellites; Mineral beneficiation; Scientific Cooperation between Universities and research Institutes.


  • Agreement signed on 14 April 2008.


  • S&T Agreement signed in August 2005.
  • Areas of interest: SKA; Molecular biology; Accreditation of laboratories; Assisted reproduction -(farm animals); Refining analytical systems - Drought resistant crops (production); Mechanization on small scale development of indigenous crops; Satellite imagery; GMOs; Transition to business orientation; Technological Transfer Strategies- drought mitigation; Strategies- rehabilitation degraded lands; Efficient irrigation; Water recycling; Food safety in rural areas; Agro processing; Indigenous knowledge systems; Management of trans boundary diseases; Information exchange -soils, climate and conservation agriculture; International Conventions (develop mutual position of interest on bilateral relations); Trilateral Karoo basin geological survey project involving Namibia.


  • No formal agreement.

Congo Brazzaville

  • No formal agreement.


  • No draft S&T Agreement.


  • S&T Agreement signed in August 1997.
  • Areas of interest: Biotechnology in food production, agriculture and health; Development of new materials and manufacturing; Information technology and systems and information society; Sustainable management of environmental issues of natural resources through environment-friendly technologies.


  • Draft agreement forwarded to Ethiopia in September 2004 for comment. The document is now ready for signature.
  • Areas of interest: ICT; Non-destructive facility (linkage with NECSA or CSIR); Innovation Hub; Knowledge sharing and research; Irrigation equipment testing; Water harvesting technologies; Climate monitoring (Risk management); Capacity building; Animal Health research; Biotechnology; Transfer of technology to produce leather product; Exchange knowledge on Geological mapping standards; Intellectual property rights on indigenous plants; Nutrition research; Agricultural research.


  • No formal agreement.


  • No formal agreement.

Ivory Coast

  • No Agreement.


  • Agreement signed in August 2004.
  • POC is being finalised.
  • Areas of interest: Square Kilometer Array (SKA); Technology for competitiveness; Nuclear energy; Satellite technology; Human Health research-HIV/AIDS; Cancer research; Agricultural research -vet, biotechnology, domestic animal and wildlife animal health; Social science; Governance and institution Building; Technology for Development -IKS, Technology incubators, Technology transfer programmes, ICT; Multilateral cooperation; Building technologies; Laser technology; SA-Kenya Rountable S&T partnerships in Infrastructure - Building &Construction, Transport, Energy, Water &Sanitation, ICT.


  • S&T Agreement signed on 6 June 2005.
  • Areas of interest: Technology Business Incubation of the Small Scale and Medium Enterprises (SMMEs); Development of a National Science Center for promotion of Public Understanding of Science, Engineering and Technology (PUSET); Biotechnology for health and food security; Indigenous Knowledge Systems and good practices in advocacy to promote indigenous technological capability; SKA; Tissue culture to improve potato seed and other local crops.


  • No draft S&T Agreement.


  • Agreement signed on 13 August 2007.


  • S&T Agreement signed on 10 July 2006.
  • Areas of interest: Project of interest is scientific exploration into the secrets of the Archives of Timbuktu. Capacity building initiatives could include researcher exchange programmes aimed at staff capacity building, student training, including sandwich programmes (joint supervision short student visits as part of post-graduate studies). Specific areas of research interest include: Research in traditional medicine and IKS; Plant biotechnology, Biosciences, biology and health related issues (malaria, HIV/AIDS vaccine research; Agricultural research; Strengthening of relations between Central Veterinary Laboratory and Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute (OVI) and the Onderstepoort Biological Products (OBP) Veterinary research; Soil science and soil erosion; Land use management. Research and technology management issues could include technology transfer including research and development of low cost equipment; management of the S&T system; S&T policy formulation; Nepad Innovation Fund including IPR management; Nepad Venture Capital Fund.


  • Agreement signed in May 1998.
  • Areas of interest for DST: Nuclear technology; Biotechnology; Laser technology; Information and communication technology, geosciences; and Minerals research.


  • S&T Agreement signed in July 2006.
  • Areas of interest: SKA; S&T popularization; National record of animals; Exchange of students; Low cost housing; Biotechnology.


  • Agreement signed on 8 March 2005.
  • Areas of interest: Minerals research; Mining technology; Geological mapping techniques; Laser technology; Metrology; Biotechnology; Capacity Building in ICT; Geological survey of the Kalahari basin, use of mineral resources; HESS and SKA collaboration.


  • S&T Agreement signed on 14 March 2001.
  • Study of amphibian disease project between North-West University and the University of Benin.
  • Areas of interest: Biotechnology; Materials science; Satellite technology; Environmental science; Specific projects designed for mutual assistance in appropriate policy development, S&T capacity building.


  • Agreement signed on 29 November 2007.


  • S&T Agreement signed on 25 March 2009.
  • Areas of interest: Laser technology and renewable energy.


  • Draft Agreement in final stages of being concluded.
  • Areas of interest: Agricultural research; Animal research; Biotechnology; Industrial research; Information technology; Engineering and mining; Leather technology and products; Small and medium enterprises.


  • Agreement signed in February 1999.
  • Tunisia has submitted a new S&T draft agreement for comment.
  • Areas of interest: Agricultural research; Biotechnology; Renewable energy; Laser technology; Nuclear technology; S&T policy; Intellectual Property.


  • Agreement signed on 16 April 2009.


  • Agreement signed on 13 December 2007.


  • Agreement signed on 29 November 2007.
  European Commission